Tax News

Plug-in Electric Vehicle Credits

October 29th 2009
Go green and save!

You may be able to claim one of three credits for plug-in electric vehicles manufactured primarily for use on public streets, roads, and highways. Vehicles manufactured for use on a golf course do not qualify.

 

  1. The plug-in electric drive motor vehicle credit is available for newly purchased qualified vehicles placed in service for business or personal use after 2008.
    •  For 2009, the amount of the credit varies depending on the battery capacity and the weight of the vehicle and ranges from $2,500 to $15,000.
    • After 2009, the credit tops out at $7,500, depending on the battery capacity. To qualify, vehicles must be newly purchased, have four or more wheels, have a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of less than 14,000 pounds, and draw propulsion using a rechargeable battery with at least four kilowatt hours.
  2. The plug-in electric vehicle credit is available for certain vehicles purchased after February 17, 2009, and before January 1, 2012. The credit equals 10 percent of the cost of a new vehicle, up to a maximum credit of $2,500. You can either purchase: 
    • Certain low-speed vehicles (i.e., four-wheeled vehicles with a GVWR of less than 3,000 pounds) that are propelled to a significant extent by a rechargeable battery with a capacity of at least 4 kilowatt hours; or
    • A two- or three-wheeled vehicle (i.e., motor scooter, motorcycle, etc.) with a GVWR of less than 14,000 pounds that is propelled to a significant extent by a rechargeable battery with a capacity of at least 2.5 kilowatt hours.
    • For 2009, you cannot claim this credit for a vehicle that qualifies for the plug-in electric drive motor vehicle credit. You cannot claim both credits for the same vehicle.
  3. The plug-in conversion credit applies to property placed in service after February 17, 2009, and before January 1, 2012. The credit equals 10 percent of the cost of converting any motor vehicle (new or used) to a qualified plug-in electric drive motor vehicle, up to a maximum credit of $4,000. You may claim this credit even if you already claimed a hybrid vehicle credit for the same vehicle in an earlier year.

 

Check out www.pluginamerica.org and www.eaaev org for more information on plug-in electric vehicles.